PowerUI Manager

From PowerUI
Jump to: navigation, search

On the PowerUI Manager component, you'll see two options - HTML File and URL. You can pick one or the other. Typically, you'll actually want to use the URL option, but first a health warning:

Warning! Especially with the main UI, your URL should be local URL's only. Typically that means using the resources:// protocol. The bonus of using a URL instead of a file is that all relative URLs "just work" nicely - you can potentially preview your UI in a browser because of that too. When you use the Html File option, the apparent document.location is just "resources://".

Watch For Changes

If you use a HTML File and tick the "watch for changes" option, PowerUI will automatically reload the UI for you whenever it is saved whilst the game is running. This can be very convenient for quickly testing iterations. Keep in mind, though, that it will completely ignore any state information (for example, if you logged in and it loaded some other UI). It's very similar to hitting refresh, but just for the UI only.

Automatically handling DPI

There's now a wide variety of screen pixel densities - from the classic 72dpi to e.g. retina displays at 144dpi. Many mobile devices go well beyond that. If you'd like your UI to appear a similar physical size across all devices, simply tick this box. Internally, it sets the default value for CSS zoom:auto. That affects the 'real' value of CSS px and all the other units which derive from it.

Note that on some platforms (particularly most desktops), Unity and PowerUI are forced to assume 72dpi. This happens because a desktop can have multiple screens and each has its own pixel density (one might even be a projector). We have no way of knowing what the real density is. That's different from all-in-one's or mobile devices, as they have fixed knowledge about the screen they're displaying on.

Automatic DPI real world example

Here's a desktop, phone and super cheap tablet with auto DPI on:


For quick comparsion, here's what it looks like with auto DPI off:


In the cases of phones and tablets, there's only one screen so Unity knows exactly what the DPI is and can respond accordingly. As for a real world example of complications on desktops, I have 3 screens. One is 96dpi and the other two are 72dpi. Unity declares Screen.dpi as 72 because a 72dpi screen is the primary one. So, when the Unity editor is on the 72dpi screen and auto DPI is on, the physical sizes look correct. When the Unity Editor is then dragged to the 96dpi screen, it's slightly off (as Unity's dpi is still 72). Here's a visual comparison of that:


It makes a lot of sense to shape your game view to the approximate physical size of the device(s) you're currently designing for - there's no better way to get a solid idea of what it will look like - but just keep in mind that desktops are considered a close approximation because of 2+ screens.

Length Scale

Like automatically handling the DPI, this directly sets the default value for CSS zoom:auto. So, if you set it to 2, it's like zoom:200%. If you use a value and have automatic DPI handling, they get multiplied together.